AVIDAN, DAVID


AVIDAN, DAVID
AVIDAN, DAVID (1934–1995), Israeli poet. Avidan was born in Tel Aviv. During his student years at the Hebrew University (1952–54) he became intimate with the group of poets called Li-Kra'at ("Towards") after the journal of that name which they published and to which yehuda amichai and nathan zach belonged. Like theirs, his first volume, Berazim Arufei Sefatayim (1954), was unfavorably reviewed, though it was to transpire that these poets contributed more than others to the transformation which took place in the new Hebrew poetry and they are today considered the characteristic representatives of the poetry of the 1950s. Their poetry represents a reaction against the poetry of abraham shlonsky and nathan alterman and their followers of the "Palmaḥ generation." They attempted to reflect the problems associated with the existence of the individual, seen both in their subjects and in their vocabulary and images, which were less literary and closer to the realities and landscape (particularly the urban settings) of Israel. Unlike the majority of them, however, Avidan continued to develop and change, a fact which is closely connected with his poetics. His early poetry was social, under the clear influence of communist ideology, but he abandoned it at an early   age and social revolution gave way to individual revolution, with contempt for social and poetic conventions. Characteristic is his mockery of the masses and accepted social norms with an emphasis on the individuality of the poet. More than any other contemporary poet he abandoned the usual poetic language and coined new words, and did not hesitate to describe his own and other thought processes in an almost detached manner. This refusal to follow conventional paths brought in its train a fear of old age and death, as well as a profound interest in science and technology of the future. These subjects already appear in various forms in his earliest poetry. In addition to the volume mentioned he published Be'ayot Ishiyot ("Personal Problems," 1957), Sikkum Benayim ("Interim," 1960), Shirei Laḥaẓ (1962), Ma-she-hu Bishevil Mi-she-hu ("Something for Somebody," 1964), Shirim Bilti Efshari'im and Doaḥ Ishi al Masa L.S.D. ("Impossible Poems," one volume, 1970), Shirim Ḥiẓoni'im ("External Poems," 1970), Shirim Shimushi'im ("Practical Poems," 1973), Shirei Milḥamah ve-Meḥa'ah ("Poems of War and Protest," 1976), Shirim Ekroniyim ("Axiomatic Poems," 1978), Avidaniyum 20 (1987), and the collection Berazim Arufei Sefatayim, which appeared posthumously (2001). He also published a play, David Avidan Magish Te'atron Mufshat (1965). A selection of his poems written between 1952 and 1966 has appeared in English translation (mostly by himself) under the title Megaovertone. Towards the end of the 1960s Avidan applied himself to other artistic pursuits, holding a number of exhibitions and producing short films, but without the success which accompanied his poetry. During his last years, Avidan, one of the best-known bohemian figures on the artistic scene of Tel Aviv, suffered from severe asthma attacks and lived in abject poverty. M. Ben published a long interview with him, which comes close to a biographical portrait, entitled David Avidan (2003). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: G. Moked, in: Mevo'ot, 4 (Dec. 9, 1954); idem, in: Ha'areẓ (July 21, 1961). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Idem, Ḥoveret ha-Mukdeshet le-David Avidan (1995); H. Shaham, Hedim shel Niggun: Shirat Dor ha-Palmaḥ ve- Ḥavurat Likrat be-Zikatah le-Shirat Alterman (1997). WEBSITE: www.ithl.org.il . (Abraham Balaban)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Avidan, David — (1934 95)    Israeli poet. He was born in Tel Aviv. From the start his work was highly experimental, using composite words, loan words, and neologisms in Hebrew. He played an important role in the development of a modern style in Hebrew poetry …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • David Avidan — painting by Yael Shahar Sarid, 1994 Native name דוד אבידן Born February 21, 1934 Tel Aviv, Is …   Wikipedia

  • David avidan — (hebräisch ‏דוד אבידן‎; * 1934 in Tel Aviv; † 11. Mai 1995 ebenda) war ein israelischer „Dichter, Maler, Filmemacher, Publizist, Dramatiker“ (in seinen eigenen Worten). David Avidan war, zusammen mit Jehuda Amichai und Nathan Sach, einer der drei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • David Avidan — painting by Yael Shahar Sarid, 1994. David Avidan (hebräisch ‏דוד אבידן‎; * 1934 in Tel Aviv; † 11. Mai 1995 ebenda) war ein israelischer „Dichter, Maler, Filmemacher, Publizist, Dramatiker“ (in s …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Avidan — ist der Name von: Asaf Avidan (* 1980), israelischer Folk Rock Musiker David Avidan (1934 1995), israelischer Dichter, Maler, Filmemacher, Publizist und Dramatiker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Le Roi David (film) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir David et Roi David. Le Roi David (King David) est un film américaino britannique réalisé par Bruce Beresford, sorti en 1985. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hebräischer Dichter — Liste von hebräischsprachigen Schriftstellern, Autoren und Dichtern: A Yossi Abolafia (* 1945), israelischer Autor und Illustrator Meir ha Levi Abulafia (ca. 1165–1244), spanisch jüdischer Autor und Talmudgelehrter Dorit Abusch (* 1955),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prix Bialik — Le prix Bialik est un prix littéraire annuel décerné par la municipalité de Tel Aviv, pour récompenser des avancées significatives en littérature hébraïque. Le prix a été nommé ainsi en mémoire de Haïm Nahman Bialik, poète de langue hébraïque. Il …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jaffa — Tel Aviv Jaffa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jafo — Tel Aviv Jaffa …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.